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Bromeliads to grow as epiphytes
GROWING CONDITIONS KEY:

SHADE
partial shade
PART SHADE
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SUN
epiphyte
EPIPHYTE
terrestrial
TERRESTRIAL
tropical
TROPICAL
cold hardy
COLD HARDY
damp
DAMP

Each Bromeliad will have more than one preferred growing situation, as most Bromeliads are very adaptable. The symbols explain where they are best suited in the garden, which is not necessarily the situation they are found in the wild. Where the variety is quite happy in more than one situation, several symbols will be used together, for example epiphyte and terrestrial together. Where only one symbol is used, the variety is not likely to prefer other situations.


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  Acanthostachys strobilacea: This small wiry plant is very cute, with tiny yellow and red pineapples which appear just before the Christmas. Very long lasting colour and easy care, needs high light levels, so can be grown successfully on balconies or in the garden. Great in hanging baskets and pots also.
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  Aechmea 'Inky': Miniature Aechmea recurvata hybrid, with rosettes only 5cm H x 7cm W. Autumn flowering, with cerise pink flowers and dark purple leaf colour, which lasts ~ 3 months after flowering. Great in trees or stumps as an epiphyte or clumped in rocky or dry areas. Prefers full sun. Can withstand moderate frosts.
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  Aechmea apocalyptica: The royal blue and vibrant orange flowers of this small Aechmea really do look like the flames of the apocalypse. Dark olive green leaves, forming a small, upright rosette. Very hardy and able to withstand salt spray, wind etc.

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  Aechmea apocalyptica x gamosepela: A lovely plant for mass planting. Olive green leaves, forming a medium sized upright rosette. Colourful light red bracts with baby blue flowers, which appear over winter.

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  Aechmea 'Big Stuff': Well shaped Aechmea with glossy light green leaves on top and glossy deep red underneath. Reaches a span of 50cm. The tall flower spike carries purplish blue flowers, followed by long lasting red berries. Cold sensitive.

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  Aechmea 'Black Jack': Deep glossy dark burgundy, almost black leaves. A fairly slow growing plant which grows to a medium size rosette, with few leaves, but quite stunning. Pendulous spike of deep red berries tipped with purple petals completes the picture.

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  Aechmea blanchetiana: One of the most popular landscaping plants for subtropical gardens in Australia. These giants can grow up to 1.5m high. In NZ they are marginal except in very warm northern gardens. This is one of the reasons they are still rare here, despite the glorious orange colouring they develop in full sun.
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  Aechmea bromeliifolia: Up to 80cm high, with tight cylindrical rosettes that look similar to some Billbergia. The pine cone head of flowers is quite striking, with large red bracts on the flower stalk. Very tough plants that can handle frosts, salt spray and drought with ease.
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  Aechmea caudata: Red bracts and lime yellow florets appear on a metre tall, branched flower stem. Stiff grey green leaves tinged with blue on the tips, form a tall but slender upright vase. Very hardy, able to withstand salt spray, frost, wind etc.
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  Aechmea caudata variegata: Red bracts and lime yellow florets appear on a metre tall, branched flower stem. This grows into a large and stately vase, 75cm H x 50cm W, with olive green leaves overlaid with cream stripes. Mid summer flowering. Flowers last ~ 6 weeks. Good pot plant, excellent as large ground cover, Best in light shade but can take full sun if acclimatised. Very hardy, able to withstand salt spray, frost, wind etc.
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  Aechmea chantinii: Olive green leaves banded with silver. The flower spike has large drooping bracts of red, with a branched cluster of red and yellow flowers at the top. Absolutely stupendous.
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  Aechmea comata: Cute little flower tufts of bright yellow and red sit on 30-50cm stems above this small size Aechmea. The light green leaves are tinged with lilac in high light. A tough Aechmea that is adaptable to most situations.

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  Aechmea comata 'Makoyana': Red bracts and lime yellow florets appear on a metre tall, branched flower stem. Arching, finely variegated grey green leaves, form a tall but slender upright vase. Very hardy, able to withstand salt spray, frost, wind etc.
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  Aechmea 'Covata': An excellent landscape or patio plant. It is very adaptable, producing long dark green leaves in deep shade and grey green short leaves in full sun. Large torch like flower heads of red and yellow appear on short stems in late spring to Christmas. Forms a fast growing dense clump of medium size, spiky rosettes.
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  Aechmea dealbata: The flower spike looks like a slightly smaller version of Aechmea fasciata, but more heavily dusted with silver. Silver banded bronze undersides to the leaves and contrasting green uppersides. The growth habit is upright and stiff, making it a good feature plant. Under strong but indirect light, the entire plant will turn bronze. Sensitive to cold, and best out of direct sunlight.

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  Aechmea distichantha var glaziovii: A lovely plant, with a medium size rosette of dark green leaves, lightly banded with silver on the undersides. Smaller than the other A. distichantha varieties and less heavily spined. The flower spike is soft pink, with purple flower petals.

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  Aechmea 'Exotica Candystripe': In late autumn or early winter a flower spike in candy pink and blue tops the white variegated plants. Good ground cover, or epiphyte or indoor pot plant. Full shade, or some morning sun. Can take light frosts if planted under trees.

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  Aechmea fasciata: A stunning landscape and house plant, probably the most famous Bromeliad after the Pineapple. Green leaves banded with silver. The stunning pink pyramidal flower head has blue petals. The flower remains in colour for several months. A medium size urn shaped rosette.

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  Aechmea fasciata 'Morgana': Green leaves heavily banded with silver, giving the plant a silver grey appearance. The stunning pink pyramidal flower head has blue petals. This cultivar is more vigorous and more silvered than the orginal species, growing approximately 20% larger. The flower remains in colour for several months. A medium size urn shaped rosette.

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  Aechmea fasciata 'Primera': Similar to Morgana, but with smooth leaves. Green leaves heavily banded with silver, giving the plant a silver grey appearance. The stunning pink pyramidal flower head has blue petals. This cultivar is more vigorous and more silvered than the orginal species, growing approximately 20% larger. The flower remains in colour for several months. A medium size urn shaped rosette.

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  Aechmea fasciata purpurea: This Brazilian selection of purpurea has lovely dark purple leaves, banded with silver. The plants are slightly smaller and slower growing than fasciata, with a lighter pink flower head. Very striking and dramatic.

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  Aechmea fendleri: An impressive brush of lavender coloured flowers on a pink stem which is dusted with a white bloom. The stem can reach a metre in height, and the flowering display last several weeks, followed by delightful blue berries. A large rosette of green leaves with a slight silver tinge completes the picture.

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  Aechmea 'Fosters Favorite': Glossy foliage which is dark burgundy on both sides of the leaves. In higher light tinges of green will appear. Always looks glamorous with the long lasting dark berries held on a pendulous stem an added bonus.

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  Aechmea 'Fosters Favorite Favorite': An awesome house plant. Glorious glossy rose coloured leaves with cream margins and a green to wine red central stripe depending on light levels. Produces long lasting orange red berries which is an added bonus.

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Aechmea guapariensis: Copper coloured, strap shaped, serrated leaves form a rosette 50cm H x 50cm W. Flowering mid summer with colourful pine cone like flowers. Very tough plants that are great for rock gardens, banks or cliffs. Adaptable from partial shade to full sun, with the leaves colouring to rose in full sun. Salt spray, wind and frost tolerant.
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  Aechmea 'Little Harve': A stunning plant which grows to a reasonably large rosette of green leaves with a silver dusting. The leaves blush red under high light levels. Imposing flowers with large pink/red scape bracts and orange yellow flowers.

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  Aechmea mulfordii: Stately plants with an open vase shape, up to 75cm H x 50cm W. Prolific grower, with up to 2 offshoots per year, forming solid clumps. Mid summer flowering, with golden yellow flowers on orange stems, that last ~ 6 weeks. Good pot plant, or as a larger ground cover in the garden. Prefers partial shade, but can acclimatise to full sun. Hardy at -3°C if planted under evergreen trees.
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  Aechmea nudicaulis cuspidata: A spectacular plant for placing in Bromeliad trees. Produces bright red and yellow flower spikes just on Christmas. Can be grown over rocks or on the ground also, where it is equally spectacular. The flower stem is more open and hangs slightly compared to var. nudicaulis.
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  Aechmea nudicaulis 'Mary Hyde': Similar to the other nudicaulis varieties in flower appearance and plant shape, but with cream variegated leaf margins. A dramatic plant which looks great planted on Punga walls or nestled in trees. The cream margins and stunning flower spikes can be seen from a distance.
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  Aechmea nudicaulis nudicaulis: As with all the varieties of nudicaulis, this is a tough tubular plant with prominent spines. It doesn't have much root system, so can be grown easily as an epiphyte in relatively harsh conditions. It produces bright red and yellow cylindrical upright spikes in mid to late summer, which are clearly visible from a distance of at least 20 metres. This group of plants look spectacular placed in trees.
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  Aechmea orlandiana: A bizarre beauty with tough, heavily spined, leathery leaves which are wavy in appearance. The patterning is superb, with zigzags and spots of deep maroon and black over light green leaves. The flower spike consists of red bracts and bright yellow petals, which gradually turn into purple berries. Although the plant appears very tough, it is rather frost sensitive.. Full sun is best for leaf colour. Very slow growing.
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  Aechmea phanerophlebia: A large imposing vase-shaped rosette of silver and green banded leaves which are quite heavily spined. Reaches a height and spread of half a metre as a single plant. Relatively slow growing. The outer leaves curve down, while the inner leaves form a tube which supports the dramatic flower spike. The spike consists of many rose pink to red spiky bracts, which last for months in colour. A striking plant for landscaping with rocks and succulents or as a balcony plant in full sun.
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  Aechmea pimenti - velosoi: Tight spiky clumps of green foliage that take on a red tinge in full sun. Autumn flowering. Very tough plants, use in trees or stumps as an epiphyte or clumped in rocky or dry areas. Prefers full sun. Can withstand moderate frosts.
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  Aechmea pineliana minuta: Stiff spiky leaves of solid bronze, barred with light silver on the underside when grown in full sun. Bright red flower stalks appear in winter, topped with bottle brush like flowers in yellow, fading to black. Very tough plants that can withstand frost and full sun, salt spray etc.
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  Aechmea recurvata var. benrathii: Try these little plants in those hard to grow anything spots. Bright pink/red flowers held low in the vase. Flowers from September to November. Hard, spiny, grey foliage which turns bright pink to red at flowering. Small squat rosette.
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  Aechmea recurvata var ortgiesii: Tough plants, ideal for rockeries, banks, rock walls etc. Bright purple or pink flowers held low in the vase. Flowers from September to November. Hard, spiny, grey green foliage which turns bright orange to red at flowering. Small, flat rosette. Able to withstand salt spray, wind etc. Looks great on driftwood or punga slabs. Also quite stylish in rock gardens.
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  Aechmea recurvata var recurvata: Medium sized plants with yellowish green foliage in bright light. The flower protrudes above the foliage more than the other varieties. The whole plant appears to have been spray painted bright red when in flower, quite spectacular, particularly on Bromeliad trees.
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  Aechmea 'Red Bands': Stiff upright rosettes of spiky green leaves heavily banded with dark burgundy. Fairly large plants that can reach a height of 1.0m. Very interesting cone shaped flowers with black petals.
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  Aechmea 'Red Wine': Maroon colouring on both sides of the leaves. Avoid high light, as this will wash the colouring out, leaving pale green, stressed looking leaves. Beautiful upright cluster of deep red berries tipped with deep purple petals makes a stunning sight in summer.

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  Aechmea 'Royal Wine': A stunning plant with foliage glossy dark green and dark maroon undersides. Always looks glamorous with the long lasting berries an added bonus.

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  Aechmea 'Suenios':
A cross between A. recurvata var. benrathii and a cylindrata. Tight spiky clumps of green foliage that take on a red tinge in full sun. Autumn flowering. Very tough plants, use in trees or stumps as an epiphyte or clumped in rocky or dry areas.
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  Aechmea 'Tokuri': (recurvata hybrid) Medium sized plants with yellowish green foliage in bright light. The flower protrudes above the foliage more than the other varieties. Spring flowering, quite spectacular, particularly on Bromeliad trees. Can withstand moderate frosts.
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  Aechmea warasii: Soft leaves of copper red lightly tinged with green. Pendulous flower stalk of fat red berries tipped lavender petals edged in white.

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  Aechmea weilbachii: Beautiful flowers of lilac purple which look like berries, held on top of brilliant red bracts and a stem of 60-80cm. Soft light green leaves form a very attractive vase of up to 70cm height and spread.

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  Aechmea winkleri: A relatively small, well shaped rosette of green leaves that are tinged with purple at the tips. The bright red flower stem tipped with yellow flowers looks like a miniature Christmas tree. The flower spike stays in colour for many weeks.

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  Billbergia amoena 'Red': Glossy wine red leaves form a moderate size rosette. The new pups arise from relatively long stolons. One of the true 'climbing Bromeliads'. The upright flower spike has prominent bright red bracts and pale green flowers tipped with blue.
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  Billbergia amoena Rubra:
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  Billbergia 'Aussie Rose': B. pyramidalis x B. saundersii (cv of an Australian remake of Fantasia)
Approx 30cm high. Produces a red flower stem with red bracts, green petals with blue tips. Quite cold hardy. Ideal for rock gardens, hanging baskets or as an epiphyte.
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  Billbergia 'Bananas & Strawberries':
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  Billbergia brasiliensis: Thin, stiff leaves, heavily banded with thick silver bands. Even when not in flower, this plant is very striking. The cascading flower stem features large pink bracts and long petals of the truest purple. Quite frost tender, but otherwise very tough. Best as an epiphyte, to display the banding and the long flower spike to their best. 5-7cm seedlings for
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  Billbergia 'Breauteana': Forms tubular clumps 70-80cm high. A slow growing but striking Billbergia. The spectacular short lived arching flower stem has red bracts with violet petalled pink flowers. Ideal for rock walls, planted in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte. Full sun or partial shade. Quite hardy at -5C in the open.
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  Billbergia 'Catherine Wilson': A beautiful hybrid which forms groups of tubes 30cm high, 10cm wide. Soft pink leaves with white blotches scroll to show a greener underside. Flower stem has pink bracts and green/blue florets. Prefers a lightly shaded position. Ideal in rockeries or hanging baskets.
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  Billbergia distachia rubra: Use this as a dense ground cover, or to climb the trunk of palms or pongas. Has several flushes of orange/red semi upright flower spikes from winter through to summer. Leaf colour changes from dark green in shade to a reddish green in full sun.
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  Billbergia 'Fantasia':
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  Billbergia 'Fascinator': A stunning cultivar of B. saundersii crossed with B. 'Windii'
Produces tight clumps of tall, slender, bronze tubes blotched with cream spots. In high light it develops a pinkish tinge. Has gentle arching stems with brilliant red bracts, and blue flowers. Ideal in rockeries or as an epiphyte in trees or on ponga.
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  Billbergia 'Foster's Striate': Formerly called pyramidalis Striatum. Open rosette of green leaves with heavy cream bands running down the sides of the leaves. A striking plant even when not in flower, but in flower is spectacular.

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  Billbergia 'Fred Red': B. amoena v. rubra x B. 'Fred Gerber'
Approx 45cm high. Turns a deep red colour in strong light. The flower has red bracts and pale yellow petals. Quite cold hardy. Ideal for rock gardens, hanging baskets or as an epiphyte.
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  Billbergia 'Gerda':
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Billbergia 'Gloria': Tight tubes of ivory coloured leaves with a green tinge form an open vase 20cm H x 20cm W. The short-lived pink and purple, hanging flower stem is quite striking. Ideal for planting on walls, in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte. The ivory colour is great for setting off other plants. Best in partial shade to full shade. Quite tender due to the leaf colouring. Protect from frost.

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  Billbergia 'Hawaii Sunset':
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  Billbergia 'Hoelscheriana': An exotic looking plant, due to its' tubular spiny leaves coated with white spots and tinged pink/red if grown in high light.
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  Billbergia leptopoda: (aka Permanent Wave)
Native to Espirito Santo, Brazil. Small pale green tubes speckled white, with curled leaf tips. Approx 30cm high. Produces an upright flower stem with red bracts and pale green petals with blue tips. Quite cold hardy. Ideal for rock gardens, hanging baskets or as an epiphyte.
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  Billbergia 'Muriel Waterman': Tall tubes of dark burgundy, lightly spotted cream and banded with silver on the underside of the leaves make this a striking plant, well suited for planting high in trees. The hanging flower spike is also stunning. Very hardy and adaptable from shade to full sun. However, grow in full sun to get the best leaf colour and plant shape.
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  Billbergia nutans: Flowers in early spring with pink hanging flowers. Leaves are held in a thin, upright vase. One of the most durable Bromeliads. Forms a very dense, weed suppressing ground cover.
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  Billbergia 'Othello':
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  Billbergia pyramidalis: Large, wide emerald green leaves form a medium size relatively open rosette for a Billbergia. The flower head looks like an Olympic torch and is most impressive. It is predominantly red with purple tips to the petals and bright yellow pollen. Ideal as a pot plant or patio plant. Looks great under subtropical shrubs also. Simply stunning.

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  Billbergia pyramidalis var 'Kyoto': A dramatic Billbergia with emerald green leaves which have a white margin. The torch like flower head is predominantly red with blue tips to the petals. Ideal as a pot plant or patio plant. Looks good under subtropical shrubs also.

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  Billbergia 'Robwyn': Tight tubes of spotted leaves up to 60cm H x 60cm W. The scarlet flower stem is short lived. Produces bright red bracts, green calyx and purple flowers. Very tough plants and quite prolific. Ideal for walls, planted in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte. Morning sun for best leaf colour.
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  Billbergia 'Santa Barbara': A relatively small but very attractive Billbergia, with cream and green stripes, which become flushed with pink in good light. Small flower stems with pink bracts and green flowers.
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  Billbergia vittata: A slow growing but striking Billbergia. The spectacular short lived hanging flower stem is salmon pink with deep purple flowers. Ideal for rock walls, planted in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte. Quite hardy at -5°C in the open.
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  Billbergia 'Windigig Special': Stiff upright tubes up to 40cm H x 25cm W. Grey green leaves with silver banding develop orange/pink tones in high light. The inflorescence is an upright spike, with orange bracts and blue flowers. Prefers full sun. Quite cold hardy.
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  Billbergia 'Windii': Relatively wide grey green leaves form an open rosette. The flowers consist of large rose pink bracts, blue and green flowers. The flower stem is often hangs down lower than the plant, so this is ideal for a bench or planted in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte.
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  Billbergia 'Yayee': A hybrid from the infamous bromeliad breeder Grace Goode. (B. 'Catherine Wilson' x B. 'Bobtail')
Tight tubes of glossy deep red leaves with white spots up to 50cm H x 30cm W. The flower stem has pink bracts and green flowers with pale purple petals. Ideal for walls, planted in a hanging basket or as an epiphyte. Prefers morning sun.
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  Billbergia zebrina: Tall tubes of green leaves heavily banded with silver, which develop shades of bronze in strong light. Large rose pink bracts cover the hanging flower spike. Long greenish yellow petals make for an unusual combination. Very hardy and can be grown in a wide range of light levels.
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  Canistropsis 'Citron': A bright yellow variety which is smaller than the species. Flowers from May to September. Shiny green leaves, slightly lighter and softer than the species. This variety, formerly known as Nidularium billbergioides citrinum, is one of the best cultivars for pot plants.

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  Canistropsis 'Persimmon': This variety has a star shaped flower with an unusual burnt orange colour and tinges of green. It is ideal for pot plants, remaining in colour for up to 3 months and suited to low light conditions. Outdoors, it is best under dense trees, where flowers appear to shine from the shade. Flowers from March to September. Shiny dark green leaves forming a medium sized rosette. Was known as Nidularium bilbergioides, but the botanists have seen fit to shift this into a new genus and attach a cultivar name.

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  Canistropsis 'Plum': Develops clusters of open rosettes up to 15cm H x 15cm W. Autumn flowering. The deep maroon stars stay in colour for ~ 3 months. Grow outside under trees or as a pot plant inside. Full shade, or morning sun. Hardy to -1°C under trees.

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  Canistropsis 'Tutti Frutti': Similar leaf and form to 'Persimmon', although larger. The flower is stunning, changing from burnt orange when young to a deep mulberry red as it ages, held quite high above the foliage.
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  Guzmania Amaranth: This stunning Guzmania has deep green leaves which set off the dark purple flower bracts on a 50-60cm stem. These stay in colour for more than 8 weeks.

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  Guzmania 'Bolero': A medium size Guzmania, with the flower spike of red spotted with green/white petals held close to the plant. The flower spike remains in colour for months. The medium sized rosette consists of deep green glossy leaves. Cold and frost sensitive, damage occurs at +2°C.

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  Guzmania Decora hybrid: A medium size Guzmania, with the flower spike of red spotted with bright yellow petals held close to the plant. The flower spike remains in colour for months. The medium sized rosette consists of deep green glossy leaves, striped with burgundy red pinstripes.

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  Guzmania 'Fiesta': 45cm H x 30cm W. Prolific. More than 2 offshoots per year. Tall flower spike remains in colour for ~ 4 months. Ideal as an indoor pot plant, or in shady, warm gardens. Full shade, or some morning sun. Frost sensitive. Damage at +2C.

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  Guzmania 'Grand Prix': A medium size Guzmania, with the flower spike of cherry red spotted with pure white flowers up to 40cm high. The flower spike remains in colour for months. The medium sized rosette consists of deep green glossy leaves with a span of about 30-40cm.

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  Guzmania 'Irene':Tall deep purple flower spike remains in colour for up to 6 months.  Ideal as indoor pot plant, or in shady, very warm gardens. Full shade, or some dappled light. Cold and frost sensitive, damage occurs at +2°C.

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  Guzmania 'Jazz':Tall flower spike remains in colour for up to 6 months.  Ideal as indoor pot plant, or in shady, very warm gardens. Full shade, or some dappled light. Cold and frost sensitive, damage occurs at +2°C.

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  Guzmania ‘Ostara’: Light green leaves forming a medium size rosette. A slight copper tinge develops if grown in medium to high light The flower spike is similar to 'Orangeade' but slightly hotter orange and with longer and larger recurving bracts.

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  Guzmania ‘Triumph’: .

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  Guzmania wittmackii (Lilac form): A relatively large Guzmania, with a tall flower spike and prominent lilac purple bracts. The bracts remain in colour for months. The medium sized rosette consists of deep green glossy leaves.

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  Guzmania zahnii: This species has the most gorgeous flower spike, with large red scape bracts and golden yellow flower heads. The stem stays in colour for 6 weeks or more. The foliage is also lovely, with fine lines of reddish brown overlaid on the soft green leaves.

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  Guzvriesea 'Jeaniae': A medium sized plant with soft green leaves. Stunning vibrant red branched flower spike which stays in colour for months.

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  Neoregelia 1005: A miniature Neoregelia, only 15cm H x 10cm W. Leaves go golden green in full sun. Great in hanging baskets, rock walls, placing in trees or on ponga stumps. Prefers full sun for intense leaf markings. Can take slight frosts.
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Neoregelia 1017: Forms dense clusters of small, olive green rosettes, lightly spotted with brown. Great for borders, in rock gardens or planted in trees or Punga. Best in full sun or light shade. Cope well with frost, drought, salt spray and wind.
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  Neoregelia 1020: Purple centre colour lasts for many months. Great as an accent plant in open landscapes. Semi shade produces best foliage colour, but can plant in full shade also. Hardy at -3C if planted under evergreen trees.

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  Neoregelia ‘Amazing Grace’: An old cultivar, but a very lovely one and not often seen as it is a little cold sensitive for Neoregelia. Best in dappled shade and warm northern gardens. Fairly slow growing.

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  Neoregelia ampullacea: Very cute cylinders of green with dark horizontal bands. This small Neoregelia is exceptional for hanging baskets or in trees as it produces more cylinders from stolons which often hang lower than the parent plant. The banding is darker in high light.
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  Neoregelia ampullacea Rubra: Very cute dusky green cylinders with burgundy markings. This small Neoregelia is exceptional for hanging baskets or in trees as it produces more cylinders from stolons which often hang lower than the parent plant.
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  Neoregelia ampullacea 'Zebrina': Similar to the other forms of ampullacea in shape. The dark maroon, almost black mottling and barring give an elegant dark rich appearance to the leaves as the background green nearly disappears.
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  Neoregelia 'Aztec': Up to 50cm W x 20cm H Prolific, more than 2 pups per year. Great as border plant in sunny landscapes, over rock walls or as an epiphyte. Prefers full sun to bring out leaf colour. Can take moderate frosts.
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  Neoregelia 'Born of Fire': A beautiful miniature Neoregelia with glossy copper red leaves, slightly freckled with pure red. Probably one of the numerous 'Fireball' hybrids.
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  Neoregelia 'Burgundy Beauty': Tough rosettes of burgundy leaves, speckled with green. Great as border plant in sunny landscapes, over rock walls or as an epiphyte. Prefers full sun to bring out leaf colour. Can take moderate frosts.
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  Neoregelia carolinae var. tricolor: One of the oldest variegated carolinae varieties, but still one of the most popular. Stripes of cream and green overlaid with pink in good light. At flowering, the whole plant becomes tinged with red, particularly near the centre.


Neoregelia carolinae x plutonis: Up to 25cm W x 15cm H. Centre turns deep maroon at flowering. Lasts for months. Great pot plant, or as a ground cover in open gardens. Prefers bright light with some morning sun to bring out leaf colour. Can take slight frosts.

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  Neoregelia carolinae x 'Vulcan': A good hybrid with red leaves splashed and tinged with green. At flowering the center turns shocking pink, making an interesting contrast to the leaves.

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Neoregelia 'Charm' F2: Up to 30cm H x 45cm W Markings intensify in high light and at flowering. Slow, less than 1 pup per year. Great as an accent plant in open landscapes. Prefers full sun to bring out leaf colour. Can take slight frosts.
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  Neoregelia chlorosticta #2: Relatively small but colourful rosettes of red leaves peppered with green make this a colourful and interesting species. Closely spaced clumps are ideal for planting in trees or on rocks.
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  Neoregelia chlorosticta 'Marble Throat': An interesting small Neo with light green leaves, which are unusual for their heavily marbled centres. Best colour is produced in full sun, but acclimatise the plants slowly.
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  Neoregelia chlorosticta Purple Form: Relatively small but colourful rosettes of burgundy leaves peppered with green make this a colourful and interesting species. Closely spaced clumps are ideal for planting in trees or on rocks.
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Neoregelia concentrica x marcon: Up to 20cm H x 40cm W Soft rose colouring in the centre at flowering. Great as an accent plant in open landscapes. Prefers bright light to bring out leaf colour, but avoid midday sun. Can take slight frosts.

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  Neoregelia 'Crimson Nest': Crimson red tapered leaves tinged green form a well shaped rosette. The inner leaves turn dark red at flowering, holding that colour for many months. Does well in medium to bright light, but avoid midday sun.
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  Neoregelia 'Exotica Purple Wave': A slow growing rosette up to 20cm W that gradually forms a woody stem up to 50cm H, topped with spiralled, wavy purple leaves. Almost never flowers. Great pot plant. Prefers bright light with some morning sun.  Can take slight frosts.


  Neoregelia 'Fireball' x 'Avalon': A good 'Fireball' hybrid with highly coloured reddish leaves splashed with green. Compact rosettes which spread via stolons. Quite hardy and adaptable to full sunlight.
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  Neoregelia 'Guinea': Small rosettes of light green, almost yellow foliage, heavily spotted with maroon. Tough plants that can be grown in full sun, forming tight knit clusters.
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  Neoregelia 'Hearts Blood': A delicate and pretty miniature Neoregelia hybrid. The name is appropriate, as at flowering, the centre of the plant turns bright red, with speckles of blood red on the surrounding foliage. This small Neoregelia is particularly well suited for hanging baskets, rock walls, placing in trees or on ponga stumps. As a ground plant, it will eventually form a light ground cover, which looks very attractive, particularly on banks.
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  Neoregelia 'Hoja Roja': Glossy, deep burgundy leaves which look awesome in the rain. Forms a small flat rosette, which spreads by stolons, producing a carpet of burgundy rosettes over time. Flowers are violet, but generally insignificant.
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  Neoregelia 'Jackie' F2: Wide green leaves tipped with dark red fingernails and mottled underneath with rusty colouration. Fast growing Neo.
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  Neoregelia 'Julian Nally': Another tough Neoregelia, a cross between N. spectabilis and N. marmorata, but with marbled maroon and green leaves with pink red tips and without such obvious silver banding on the undersides. Ideal for rocky areas or steep banks. Flowers are violet, but generally insignificant.
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  Neoregelia 'Lambert's Pride': Up to 20cm High x 40cm Wide. Great as an accent plant in open landscapes. Prefers bright light to bring out leaf colour, but avoid midday sun. Can take slight frosts. Quite hardy and adaptable to full sunlight.
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  Neoregelia marmorata: A striking Neoregelia, ideal for landscaping or on a balcony. Heavily marbled foliage, dark maroon overlaid with so many green spots, to give the effect of green leaves marbled with maroon. High light levels increases the colouring till the maroon turns wine red and almost glows. Lately we have seen several stunning clumps grown in full sun over scoria boulders.
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  Neoregelia 'Mottles': Stout, heavily mottled leaves of dark maroon with green spots give this plant a striking appearance and hardy nature for the toughest of landscapes. The harsher the environment, the brighter the maroon speckling. Similar to Neo. marmorata, but more highly coloured and with shorter leaves.
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  Neoregelia 'Noble Descent': This excellent hybrid provides a good contrast to most other Neos. Light green leaves, which turn nearly yellow in strong light, provide a background for light speckles of red, with red leaf tips and a red centre at flowering. Very tough plant.
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  Neoregelia olens 'Marie': The lime green leaves turn golden yellow in full sun with red speckles and red tips. At flowering the centre turns crimson red. The pups arise on short stolons which make this little plant ideal for hanging baskets, epiphyte planting or over rocks. Very hardy.
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  Neoregelia 'Perfecta Novar': Centre colour lasts for many months. Semi shade produces best foliage colour, but can plant in full shade also. Great as an accent plant, or as a striking indoors plant. Hardy at -3C if planted under evergreen trees. Needs free draining soil.

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  Neoregelia 'Perfecta Tricolor': One of the oldest variegated carolinae varieties, but still one of the most popular. Stripes of cream and green overlaid with pink in good light. At flowering, the whole plant becomes tinged with red, particularly near the centre.

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  Neoregelia 'Princess Caroline': Formerly known as carolinae Princeps. At flowering, the centre turns intense amethyst. Attractive shiny green leaves, forming a medium sized flat rosette. Semi shade produces the best foliage colour and form, but can be planted in full shade also.

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  Neoregelia 'Proserpinae': Very large concentrica variety, with broad leathery leaves that turn blue in the centre at flowering.
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  Neoregelia 'Red Bird': Forms dense clusters of small glossy red rosettes. At flowering, the plant turns a more intense red colour. Great for borders, in rock gardens or planted in trees or Punga. Best in full sun or light shade. Copes well with frost, drought, salt spray and wind.
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  Neoregelia 'Ryan's Red': Up to 30cm H x 45cm W. Great accent plant in open landscapes or an awesome pot plant. Semi shade produces best foliage colour, but can plant in full sun also. Can withstand moderate frosts.
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  Neoregelia 'Sailors Warning': Relatively small open star-shaped rosette of bright red glossy leaves with green spots and longitudinal splashes.
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  Neoregelia ‘Sharlock’: Fairly large upright rosettes to 50cm diameter of rich deep burgundy leaves with green spots and slight bands. The leaf tips are rich red. A very striking plant in any situation, but best suited to high light, preferably full sun.
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  Neoregelia 'Short & Sweet': A gorgeous miniature Neoregelia hybrid. The glossy green leaves turn the colour of a good red wine in full sunlight. The mother plant sends its' 'pups' (baby plants) out on long stolons, which are quite capable of growing without a root system of their own. It is particularly well suited for hanging baskets, rock walls, placing in trees or on ponga stumps. As a ground plant, it will eventually form a light ground cover, which looks very attractive, particularly on banks.
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  Neoregelia spectabilis: A tough customer, often called the 'Painted Fingernail' plant for its red leaf tips. Underside is maroon with white cross bands. Ideal for rocky areas.
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  Neoregelia spectabilis Rubra: Even tougher than the species, this variety has leathery leaves of bronze speckled with maroon and tipped with dark pink. One of the toughest Neos around and ideal for rocky areas, over banks and in dry spots.
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  Neoregelia 'Stormy Weather': A small Neo with olive green leaves, heavily banded with purple brown stripes and spots. Quite tough and suitable for sunny sites.
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Neoregelia 'Tangerine': Great accent plant in open landscapes or an awesome pot plant. Semi shade produces best foliage colour, but can plant in full shade also. The tangerine shading to the leaves develops into a red centre at flowering. Frost sensitive.
$10.00 Per Pup


Neoregelia 'Top Brass': Small cylinders of yellow green with dark burgundy marbling which distinguishes this from the species. The mottling is darker in high light.
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  Neoregelia 'Yellow Bird': A leathery leafed, compact rosette of light green leaves, lighted spotted and banded, mainly underneath, with dark reddish brown.
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  Nidularium 'Exotica Ruby Red': Up to 70cm H x 70cm W. Deep wine red star shaped flower spike lasts for ~ 12 months. Great pot plant, also as an epiphyte or under dense foliage in the garden. Prefers dappled light. Can take light frosts.

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  Nidularium lubbersii: Up to 30cm H x 40cm W. Wine red star shaped flower spike lasts for ~ 12 months. Prolific, more than 2 pups per year. Great pot plant, also as an epiphyte or under dense foliage in the garden. Prefers deep shade.

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  Nidularium procerum: Similar to N. terminale (which may be a hybrid of N. procerum), but the leaves tend to be thinner and longer, with slightly more colour. The flower bracts are also longer and thinner, making for a more open star.

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  Nidularium procerum ‘Red Form’: A new form of procerum that we imported from Brazil. Fairly tall for a Nidularium, with strappy, wine coloured leaves up to 50cm high. Deep wine red star shaped flower spike lasts for ~ 12 months. Great pot plant, also as an epiphyte or under dense foliage in the garden. Prefers dappled light.

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  Nidularium 'Rusty': Excellent for adding colour interest to a green area. Red star shaped flowers held above the foliage last in colour for months. The serrated leaves turn burgundy in high light.
partial shade shade epiphyte cold hardy

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  Nidularium terminale: Scarlet red star shaped flowers which last for months, are held well above the attractive light green serrated leaves (which turn pinkish in high light).

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  Portea petropolitana extensa: This is a spectacular plant, with large rosettes up to 1 metre high and wide.. The flower spikes are stupendous, reaching head height and carrying many beautiful flowers.. After flowering, masses of dark purple berries form.

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  Quesnelia arvensis Red Form: 50cm H x 45cm W. Flower head of shocking deep pink stays in colour for ~ 8 weeks. Great for rockeries, on punga stumps, in mixed borders. Full sun, with some midday shade. Can also grow well in full shade. Cold hardy to -3C

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  Quesnelia imbricata: The very showy orange red flower spike stays in colour for up to a month, above a tube of pale green leaves. Quite hardy and can be grown in a range of light levels.

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  Quesnelia humilis: 15cm H x 10cm W. Winter flowering. Flowers last ~ 4 weeks. Good for rockeries, or as epiphytes on Pongas and under trees. Grows best in full shade, or with some morning sun. Cold hardy to -3C

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  Quesnelia lateralis: Azure blue flower petals contrast well with scarlet pink flower bracts and the scarlet pink flower stem. Winter flowering. Quite a stunner in flower and a good landscape plant when not in flower. Medium sized rosette of tubular green leaves with attractive short black spines and faint silver banding underneath which becomes more prominent in high light.

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  Quesnelia liboniana: Slender tubes of green leaves, tapered near the tip. The curious flower spikes have only 5-10 flowers, but these appear as long tubes of reddish orange tipped with deep blue, almost purple petals. Quite interesting and ideal as a pot plant or as a clump of epiphytes on Pongas.

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  Quesnelia marmorata: This plant is quite distinctive with its tall tubes of black mottled and banded leaves, similar to a Billbergia in shape.. It is quite epiphytic, often not adapting well to growing in soil.. It is native to the coastal regions of Eastern Brazil, and is therefore reasonably hardy. Grows very well in trees or over rocks, where it looks particularly curious. The pink and blue flower spike is short lived, but quite stunning, as for most of this genus.
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  Tillandsia baileyii: Twisted, bulbous shape. 10cm H x 5cm W. Pink branched flower spike with mauve petals.  Use as an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3°C
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  Tillandsia brachycaulos: 10cm H x 15cm W. Forms clumps quickly. Whole plant flushes shades of red at flowering with purple flowers. Use as an epiphyte only, mounted on ponga, rocks or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3°C.
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  Tillandsia caput-medusae: Twisted, bulbous shape. 10cm H x 5cm W. Bright red branched flower spikes stay in colour for ~ 6 weeks.  Use as an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3°C.
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  Tillandsia fasciculata: Stiff silver leaves form rosettes up to 30cm H x 50cm W. Flower spike can reach 40cm high. Develops several offsets after flowering. Best as an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -1C. Keep dry over winter.
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  Tillandsia flabellata: Multiple slim pencil-like flower spikes of bright red at flowering, out of which appear the small violet blue flowers. This is the smaller form, with red leaves. It grows quite easily and can be used as either a potted plant indoors or as an epiphyte in the garden.
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  Tillandsia fuchsii gracilis: 6cm H x 5cm W. Forms clumps quickly. Rose coloured flower spike with mauve flowers. Use as an epiphyte only, mounted on ponga, rocks or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3°C.
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  Tillandsia ionantha: 3cm H x 5cm W. Forms clumps quickly. Whole plant flushes red at flowering, purple flowers stay in colour for ~ 6 weeks. Use as an epiphyte only, mounted on ponga, rocks or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3°C.
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  Tillandsia juncea: 20cm H x 7cm W. Clumps quickly. Silvery grass like foliage that flushes reddish at flowering. Mauve flower spike with purple flowers. Use as an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood. Prefers partial shade to full sun. Cold hardy to -3°C
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  Tillandsia juncea 'Juncifolia': 15cm H x 7cm W. Clumps quickly. Grass like foliage that flushes reddish at flowering. Mauve flower spike with purple flowers. Use as an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood. Prefers partial shade to full sun. Cold hardy to -3°C
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  Tillandsia secunda: A large Tillandsia with stiff silver leaves forming a very stately plant. At flowering the tall branched flower spike can reach to 1m high. After flowering has finished, numerous small pups develop on the flower stem, from the old flowers. These can be removed and grown on.
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Tillandsia somnians: Individual plants grow to 20cm H x 20cm W. Tall branched flower spikes can reach to 3m high. After flowering, several pups develop on the flower stem. As an epiphyte, on ponga or driftwood, or scrambling through shrubs. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -1°C.
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  Tillandsia stricta: Perfectly shaped clusters of stiff, pointed, silver green leaves form this small Tillandsia. The flower bracts are bright red, topped with blue petals. A hardy Tillandsia which has spread across most of the South American region. Quite stunning in flower and easy to grow.
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  Tillandsia tenuifolia: Clusters of stiff, pointed, silver green leaves form tight clumps no larger than a sparrow. The flower bracts are shocking pink, tipped with bright blue petals. Spring flowering. Quite stunning in flower and easy to grow.
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  Tillandsia tricolor melanocrater: 15cm H x 15cm W. Forms clumps quickly. Whole plant flushes shades of red at flowering with violet flowers. Use as an epiphyte only, mounted on ponga, rocks or driftwood. Full sun, or part shade. Cold hardy to -3C.
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  Tillandsia usneiodes: The fascinating Spanish Moss that is seen in any films of the deep South of the USA. Hanging in dense strands from large Oaks, these also do well outdoors in the North Island of this country. Silver grey strands of tiny plants, which produce tiny yellow green flowers. Each clump we sell is at least 20cm long and is threaded through a shell or on a piece of Punga for easy mounting. For best results, mist regularly with rainwater, or hang outdoors in the rain. Prefers light shade and good air movement. Does well when misted with a very dilute foliar feed occasionally.
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  Vriesea 'Barbara': 30cm H x 30cm W. Prolific. More than 2 offshoots per year. 50cm tall multi-headed flower spike remains in colour for ~ 6 months.  Ideal as an indoor pot plant, or in shady, warm gardens. Full shade, or some morning sun. Frost sensitive. Damage at +5°C.

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  Vriesea carinata: A small but cute Bromeliad, with soft light green leaves. The flower is a feathery fan shaped spike, with red bracts at the base topped with bright yellow and green. Sensitive to cold, so should be grown as a pot plant except in northern frost free areas.


  Vriesea corcovadensis: A small Vriesea which has the appearance of a Tillandsia. Green leaves heavily speckled with red at the base, particularly in high light. The pups arise off long stolons, so the plant climbs well if placed at the base of Pungas or similar. The pale red flower spike is tipped with cream florets.
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  Vriesea ensiformis var. bicolor: A medium size rosette of very soft green leaves. The flowers spike, as the name suggests is bicolor, with orange/red bracts shading to yellow at the tips. As with the species, the unbranched flower spike reaches up to 0.5m high.

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  Vriesea 'Exotica Zulu': This is one of our new Vriesea incurvata hybrids, with a deep blood red, almost purple coloured spear. The flower spike looks especially dramatic over the bright green foliage. Best in full shade and quite happy in frost free gardens.

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  Vriesea flammea: Great for overhead planting or hanging baskets. This small Vriesea has thin green Tillandsia like leaves. The pups are produced prolifically on long stolons arranged symmetrically around the mother plant. The flower spike is red tipped with lime.
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  Vriesea maxoniana: Light green leaves form an attractive small rosette. The upright flower stem is distinctive for being bright yellow, fading to green as it ages.

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  Vriesea ‘Plantation Pride’: Deep green leaves above which the large branched, bright yellow flower spike reigns. One of the most stunning yellow Bromeliads. Sensitive to frost, and best grown in moderate shade.. Ideal as an indoor pot plant.
$8.65 Per Pup

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  Vriesea platynema variegata: One of the more beautiful members of this stunning group. Large deep green almost blue leaves with faint banding and thin stripes of white, tipped with purple and with purple shading underneath (almost too many colours!!). If that wasn't enough, the 50cm tall flower spike has numerous purple to red flower bracts with yellow petals. Sold as seedlings in 5cm tubes.

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  Vriesea 'Poelmanii': Medium size rosette of light green leaves, slightly tinged with bronze in high light. The flower spike is spectacular, consisting of a tall, branched spear of glossy pure red from which poke bright yellow petals. Stays in colour for months. Frost sensitive and prefers medium to low light.
$8.65 Per Pup

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  Vriesea 'Poelmanii selecta': Similar to the original hybrid, but a selected form which has more a compact flower stem, with the stem branches more horizontal than the original hybrid. Medium size rosette of light green leaves, slightly tinged with bronze in high light. The flower spike is spectacular, consisting of a tall, branched spear of glossy pure red from which poke bright yellow petals. Stays in colour for months. Frost sensitive and prefers medium to low light.

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  Vriesea simplex hybrid?: We are still unsure of the variety name for this one, but it is possibly a simplex cross. It has a hanging flower spike, bright red with yellow petals, that stays in colour for weeks. The apple green foliage forms a small to medium size rosette. Ideal for hanging baskets or as an epiphyte.

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  Vriesea 'Tiffany': 40cm H x 40cm W. Prolific. More than 2 offshoots per year. Tall flower spike remains in colour for ~ 6 months.  Ideal as an indoor pot plant, or in shady, warm gardens. Full shade, or some morning sun. Frost sensitive. Damage at +5°C.

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  Vriesea Yamamoto Hybrid: A medium sized Vriesea, with soft green leaves tinged with bronze in high light. Sword shaped flower spike with a red centre and bright yellow tips. Very attractive. Prefers morning sun or late afternoon sun. Looks stunning in Bromeliad trees or on punga walls where the flower colour really comes through.

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Wittrockia cyathiformis: Up to 1.2m wide x 1.2m high. Slow growing and produces less than 1 pup per year. Dramatic feature plant for indoors or out. Bright light for best foliage colour, avoid full sun. Copes with slight frosts under overhanging foliage.


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  Wittrockia ‘Leopardinum’: An exotic looking plant, with wide, glossy, light green leaves, edged with black spines and dappled with large patches of dark green, almost black spots.. The spots are more prominent near the tips, which are fully coloured. In high light the plant takes on shades of rose.

PLANT SIZE, SHIPPING & CARE
All our plants are sold as bare root pups, approximately 15-30cm high for larger species and 10-15cm high for small species, unless otherwise noted. Please allow approximately 5-10 days for your order to arrive, as we harvest the pups to order for maximum freshness. If you are not satisfied with any part of your shipment upon arrival, notify us within five business days for instructions. Please file a claim with the carrier for anything damaged in shipment. Remove the pups from their packaging immediately on arrival, water well by immersing for a few minutes and keep in a cool, shady place with a misting of water every few days, until you are ready to plant them.